The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) in St. Vincent and the Grenadines and it implementation helps in the plan for preserving the Environment and building resilience to Climate Change.
It is formed with 32 islands each with its own characteristics and multinational cultures.
Located in the Eastern Caribbean, with more than 110,000 people living in the islands.
St. Vincent is the largest of the 32 islands that form the nation, covering roughly 390 SQ. km (150 sq. miles). The Grenadines extend 72 km (45 miles) to the southwest.
There’s others inhabited islands, like Young Island, Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Mayreau, Union Island, Palm Island, and Petit St. Vincent.
Kyoto Protocol and INDC
The Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (GoSVG) ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1996 and the Kyoto Protocol in 2004.
This next document talks how the geography, geology and socio-economic circumstances of St. Vincent and the Grenadines make it extremely vulnerable to climate-related natural disasters.
Also, explain that due to its mountainous topography, most activities on the mainland are limited.
Clarifies that these activities are focus on the narrow, low-lying coastline, at risk of sea-level rise (SLR).
Besides the many risks for the coastal erosion, while the landscape also is dangerous on it landslides and flash flooding.
The document shows how the severe increase in weather events will result in significant expenditures.
And how all this will further limit St. Vincent and the Grenadines’ social and economic growth.
Current implementation of INDC
Elements of the INDC are already enshrined in the national agenda through the existing National Social and Economic Development Plan 2013-2025.
These Agenda determinate the strategic necessity to adapt to the changing climate to protect its delicate environment while reducing Greenhouse Gas emissions.
Also, the multinational islands have shown its commitment to mitigating Climate Change.
By own actions, the GoSVG takes concrete measures to cut its emissions, particularly through renewable energy and waste initiatives.
Even with the funds to the country through the Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience (PPCR), the need for financing climate change adaptation and mitigation remains significant.