St. Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) consists of 32 islands and cays of which 8 are inhabited and one is a nature resort. St. Vincent is the biggest island with an active Volcano “La Soufrière”. The other islands called the Grenadines are Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Mayreau, Union, Palm and Petit St. Vincent.
SVG, also known as ‘Hairoun (a)’, is located to the south of the Caribbean Sea and has a population of 110,000 people. SVG is a small island nation, but its history is quite remarkable and its landscapes are breathtaking.
The country has had a long history of resistance against European imperial powers. The people of St. Vincent, the Caribs, managed to protect their homeland from French and British settlement for 200 years. They were so vigilant that this territory became the last of the major Caribbean islands to be colonized. During this struggle, African slaves escaping from a Dutch shipwreck and runaway slaves from the surrounding islands were welcomed to settle on the islands. They mixed with the Caribs and are now known as the Black Caribs (Garifuna). In 1719 Britain took control over the country and remained in power until 1979, when SVG gained independence and rights to control its own affairs.
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