Interview from the movie in making “The benefits of making organic gardens and leading a natural life”.
Lucie: What happened with the food we are eating and why is organic food production necessary?
Danail: The food on the shelves today is produced in unethical manners.
Instead of the food we eat being our medicine, it is exactly the opposite. With the contemporary farming practices we achieve to feed 7 billion people but on which cost – The most essential life elements are seriously damaged from this way of farming:
- The water, which is so important for supporting the life on this planet, it not only depleted, but it is also systematically poisoned with the chemicals used in this so called farming.
- It is estimated that if we continue to cultivate the soil with the same petroleum based practices, we will destroy all topsoil in the next 60 years. And what then!?
- You see farmers walking on their fields spraying with their bare hands and without facemasks. We pollute the air as well.
Instead of agriculture giving meaningful jobs, and support meaningful life it became…)
The way the food is produced, packed and transported is unethical, wasteful, and destructive.
We need shifting towards sustainability. We need to farm in a way that is providing for all our needs and at the same time is enriching the nature.
Lucie: Can organic agriculture control the diseases and pests that attack food production, without having to use chemicals?
Danail: Of course, we can control the diseases and the pests, but we need to move far away from the monoculture style of planting. The petroleum-based fertilizers, fungicides and pesticides were created after the Second World War; we were producing food thousands of years before that.
We need to start learning from nature she is our best teacher. The forest is the most successful system on the Earth, what we see there is a huge diversity of species leaving a symbiotic life. This system produces its own fertility and is creating a suitable microclimate.
(Yes, there are some pests but there are also predators keeping the balance.)”
In the monoculture fields we are creating a paradise for pests. What they see is only food which they like.
In an ecological system the pests will be present, but the predator insects, which we invite into our farm through planting different aromatic herbs and flowers, will regulate their number.
The soil will be healthy and rich of minerals, which will make stronger plants that are able to resist the attacks of the insects.
The diversity of plants will give us a chance for stability – Even if the cabbage is attacked our eggplants will survive.
Lucie: We know that organic products and foods are expensive. What would be the way of doing organic production benefitting the population?
Danail: The ecological farming is beneficial for the population and for the nature.
But we need to be careful – the word organic doesn’t necessarily mean good for the planet. Organic is a product that was not treated with synthetic chemicals during its growing period. But that doesn’t necessarily mean that it was not destructive for the nature.
Maybe the people working in the production didn't receive a proper salary. Or they were using organic pesticides were killing not only the unwanted insect species.
Beneficial farming for the population, should account for the health of the people and the health of the Earth.
The contemporary way of food production is only cheaper because it is heavily subsidized and because it’s not held accountable for the long term damage that it does – like the pollution and the biodiversity loss.
- The first step which should be taken in order to make the ecological farming cheaper is instead of subsidizing and promoting the chemical farming, that money should be transferred, step by step, to organic growers, who are not pushed to produce only one crop.
- The second step is that backyard farming should be promoted as something good, modern and not backwards as it is today.
- The third step is to promote the creation of cooperatives. There the people will work together, sharing their tools and their time. This will be very beneficial also for the creation of good community relationships.
- The forth step is to create farmers’ markets in each community.
Lucie: How can organic production be beneficial for the population on both a health and economic level?
Danail: Nothing can be beneficial until the population changes its values and ethics.
As a permaculturist I will tell you our three ethics:
- Care for Earth
- Care for People
- Fair Share
Whatever we do, we should make sure that those three principles are considered and achieved.
We need a farming revolution as much as we need an ethical revolution.