Globally, one in nine people are undernourished. This goal aims to end hunger.
Undernutrition accounts for 45% of global deaths in children under five years old. In the future, climate change and unsustainable agricultural practices will increase this amount if mankind does not do something now. - Photo Credit: Pixabay
Today, 795 million people are undernourished. Most of them are concentrated in developing countries in Asia and Africa, with the former being home to two thirds of the total amount. The numbers for Sub-Saharan Africa are alarming as well, as “projections for the 2014-2016 period indicate a rate of undernourishment of almost 23 percent” (UN, 2015). This means that nearly one in four people living in the region are not meeting their daily nutrient requirements. As harmful as it can be on adults, once again this issue affects children on a deeper level. Poor nutrition is responsible for the death of 3.1 million children under the age of five every year, it also causes stunting in one in three kids living in developing countries and 65 million primary-school age children go to class hungry. This affects their ability to focus, as well as impairs their mental development and faculties, putting them at a disadvantage compared to their well-nourished peers. It is imperative to end hunger. Undernutrition compromises people’s immune system, which increases the risk for various illnesses, including ongoing epidemics such as AIDS, moreover, hunger severs people’s productivity and costs millions of lives each year.
Of course, directly feeding people is not a sustainable way to end hunger. With roughly 7 billion people walking the planet and expecting 2 more by 2050, mankind must re-examine how it is producing and consuming food. If done right, agriculture, forestry and fisheries can provide us all with nutritious food as well as generate millions of jobs, but it must be done in a way that helps the planet heal after centuries of systematic abuse, so it allows for more to be produced.
Global Goal 2 seeks to end hunger and achieve food security for all, as well as sustainable food production and consumption by 2030 - Photo Credit: GlobalGoals.org
The general guidelines to end hunger and achieve food security for all provided by the 2030 Agenda are comprised of 5 main actions that can be adapted to the reality of each country. It is expected of all countries to use these tools nationally and to develop strategic alliances with other countries in order to achieve Global Goal 2. A summary of these five actions is provided below:
Fulfilling these task would mean to end hunger, or significantly reduce it by 2030.