Richmond Vale

Poverty Alleviation: A Dynamic Approach

The understanding of the following two things is vital in poverty alleviation: 1) There is no one who understands poverty better than the poor 2) National economic growth is not equal to inclusive economic growth. The relevance of these affirmations lies in that oftentimes, ineffective policies have been implemented when battling poverty because po...
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Richmond Vale

Characteristics of Poverty

Labourers in a rural area of Hyderabad - Photo Credit: Wikipedia Poverty adopts many faces, depending on where the poor are located and how long they have been on the negative side of the poverty line, as well as the cause behind their status and the level of poverty they experience. The differences between those facets help in the design of polici...
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Richmond Vale

Malnutrition Definition

Malnutrition —also called malnourishment— is ingrained in the collective psyche in the shape of a tiny child with protruding ribs and a bloated belly. But while acute starvation is a facet of malnutrition, the reach of this issue goes well beyond the people who have nothing to eat. This affirmation is supported by the malnutrition definition provid...
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Richmond Vale

Types of Poverty

  Just like it would be preposterous to ascribe all instances of poverty across the world to a single cause, there is a component of absurdity in considering all poverty as the same. Poverty , what causes it and how it is experienced is something specific to each person living below the poverty line. This makes the issue a spectrum that must b...
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Richmond Vale

Relative Poverty

Urban decay in Camden, New Jersey. One of the poorest cities in the US - Photo Credit: Wikipedia Iceland (2013) defines relative poverty as a “comparative economic deprivation” and says that “it is based on the notion that poverty is relative to a society’s existing level of economic, social and cultural development” . Iceland then converges with P...
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Richmond Vale

Absolute Poverty Definition and Threshold

The Mathare Valley Slum in Kenya - Photo Credit: Wikipedia As defined in the Declaration of Copenhagen : “ absolute poverty is a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access ...
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Richmond Vale

Effects of Poverty

The effects of poverty are so tightly interwoven with its roots that at times it results very difficult to determine if a poverty-related issue is a cause of it or caused by it.  Using education as an example of this: people living in poverty have limited access (if any at all) to education at any level, which in turn makes it nearly impossibl...
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Richmond Vale

Poverty Definition: Using the Capability Approach

Universal in reach and spanning millennia, poverty has been a problem of mankind for as long as the latter has existed. However, a final definition for it has yet to be agreed upon. According to Cambridge Dictionaries , an appropriate poverty definition is “the condition of being poor”; but this hardly seems sufficient for a multi-faceted obstacle ...
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